NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have confirmed that the past eight years have been the warmest years on Earth, and 2021 is the sixth warmest year in history. There have also been many dangers in the past year, the main reason being global warming.
“Gavin Schmidt, NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies, says:
The fact is that we are now entering a new mechanism, and it is likely to be the warmest decade in hundreds or thousands of years. Many changes are taking place right now that could have many local effects.
For example, North America and even parts of it that are typically cold experience extreme summer heat. In late June and early July, the Pacific Northwest in the United States and western Canada struggled with unprecedented temperatures that destroyed roads and melted power cables. The “Death Valley” desert valley in Southern California also recorded a flame temperature of 54.4 degrees Celsius, breaking the world record for the warmest recorded temperature on Earth for the second year in a row.
Europe also experienced unprecedented heat last year. While the World Meteorological Organization is still investigating, the recorded temperature of 48.8 ° C in Sicily, Italy is likely to break the European record for the maximum recorded temperature.
According to NOAA, July 2021 was the hottest month in human history. Global warming also set a new record in 2021, according to recent research. Ocean heat waves have probably doubled since the early 1980s, which could pose devastating dangers to marine life and coastal communities. These include the destruction of corals, damage to the fishing industry and the life of crabs, and even the rise of droughts.
The European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service, which collects data in a different way, has declared 2021 the fifth warmest year in history, confirming that the world has warmed by more than one degree Celsius since pre-industrialization, resulting in gases. The greenhouse is emitted by burning fossil fuels. To this end, experts are calling for a shift to clean energy, as global warming must remain below two degrees Celsius to prevent catastrophic climate change.